Oyá is a deity in the Yoruba religion and in several of its derivations, such as Santeria and Candomblé. She is known as one of the Orishas, who are deities revered in these religious traditions. Oyá is considered one of the most powerful and complex deities within the Yoruba pantheon, she is seen as a goddess of wind, storms, changes, transformation, death and fertility. She is often depicted with a machete or ax and is associated with hurricane-force winds. She is considered one of the wives of Shango, the god of thunder and fire, and is said to have an important role in the realm of the dead, as well as in protecting his followers.

In the religious practices of Santería and Candomblé, Oyá is worshiped and revered as a primary Orisha. Her devotees perform rituals, offerings and ceremonies in her honor to seek her protection, wisdom and help in times of change and transformation.

Yansá" are two alternative ways of referring to the same deity in the Yoruba religion and its branches, such as Santería and Candomblé. In some traditions and regions, he is known as Oyá, while in others he is called Yansá. Both names They refer to the same feminine divinity, associated with wind, storms, changes, transformation and other aspects; although especially in Brazil, the term "Yansá" is preferred to refer to this deity instead of "Oyá".

The colors associated with the deity Oyá (also known as Yansá) may vary slightly depending on the specific tradition within Santería or Candomblé, as well as geographic region and religious lineage. However, the following colors are generally associated with Oyá:

1- Red: Red is the primary color associated with Oyá. It represents your energy, passion and power. It also symbolizes action and vitality.

2- Purple: Purple is another important color associated with Oyá. It represents spirituality, wisdom and connection with the spiritual world.

3- Brown: Sometimes brown is associated with Oyá, representing the earth and the connection with nature.

4- Orange: In some traditions, orange is also associated with Oyá, symbolizing creativity, renewal and change.

Offerings to Oyá (or Yansá) may vary depending on the specific tradition within Santería, Candomblé, or other African American religions. However, here are some common offerings that can be made in honor of this deity:

1- Fruits: Fresh and ripe fruits can be offered, such as bananas, grapes, pomegranates and watermelons. These fruits usually symbolize fertility, abundance and vitality.

2- Flowers: Flowers are a common offering in many religious practices. Brightly colored flowers such as red roses, red or orange carnations, lilies, and sunflowers can be offered.

3- Candles: Lighting candles in colors associated with Oyá, such as red, purple or orange, can be a significant offering. Candles symbolize light and spiritual connection.

4- Food: Prepared foods can be offered, such as stews, rice, corn, yam, as well as spicy dishes that represent the fire and power of Oyá.

5- Herbs and spices: Oyá is associated with wind and storms, so herbs and spices such as cayenne pepper, bay leaves, basil and rosemary can be offered.

6- Water: Fresh, clean water can be offered as a symbol of purification and renewal.

It is important to make offerings with respect and devotion, and following the specific traditions and guidelines of the religious practice in which one is involved. Additionally, it is always advisable to consult a priest or religious leader for guidance on appropriate offerings and specific ritual practices.

In some places and traditions of Santeria, Oyá (or Yansá) is associated with the Virgin of Candelaria. The Virgin of Candelaria is a venerated figure in the Catholic Church, and her holiday is celebrated on February 2. In the context of Santeria and African-American religious syncretism, this holiday coincides with the day in which Oyá is honored.

The syncretism between Oyá and the Virgin of Candelaria involves the association of certain characteristics and festivities between both religious figures. In some places and practices of Santeria, Oyá is venerated on this date under the invocation of the Virgin of Candelaria.

It is important to note that these associations may vary by geographic region, specific tradition, and lineage within religious practice. Religious syncretism in Santeria and other African American religions is an important feature, where African deities were adapted and preserved through assimilation with Catholicism during the colonial era and slavery.

Protections of this Deity:

1- Protection against storms and natural disasters: As a deity of wind and storms, Oyá is associated with control and protection over extreme weather phenomena, such as hurricanes and storms. It is believed that invoking Oyá can help dispel or mitigate these dangers.

2- Protection against enemies and negative energies: Oyá is seen as a warrior and protective force that can defend her followers against negative influences, spiritual attacks and evil energies.

3- Protection during changes and transitions: Oyá is associated with transformation and change, and is believed to be able to provide strength and guidance during times of transition in a person's life, whether it is a job change, moving, or personal changes.

4- Fertility protection: Oyá is also associated with fertility and motherhood. It is said that she can provide protection to pregnant women and mothers during childbirth.

5- Protection of women's rights: Oyá is considered a powerful female deity and is often invoked to protect the rights and dignity of women.